Th 6, 20/11/2009 | 09:59 SA

Xem với cỡ chữ Đọc bài viết Tương phản

At the beginning

On 29 July 1982 the Council of Ministers (the Government at present) promulgated the Decree No. 125/HDBT to restructure the State Committee of Science and Technology (later on renamed Ministry of Science and Technology) in which the National Office of Inventions was, inter alia, established as a subordinate agency to help the Committee carry out works with a view to developing innovation and industrial property activities in Viet Nam. For this reason, 29 July 1982 has been considered as the foundation day of the National Office of Intellectual Property of Vietnam (NOIP).

Initial formulation and development of innovative activities; Establishment of Invention and Discovery Division - the predecessor of the National Office of Inventions.

 In early days of its establishment, the State Committee of Science paid attention to the organization and management of the movement on technical innovations. One of the agencies subordinate to the State Committee of Science established in 1959 under direct supervision of Its Secretary General was the Division on Innovation for Technical Improvement which later was reorganized and renamed Standing Office under the Central Innovation and Discovery Verification Council.

On 11 March 1959 the Prime Minister promulgated Instruction No.105/TTg on "the organization and management of the movement on innovative and inventive activities of the public" which stipulated the responsibilities of various authorities concerning this movement. As for the State Committee of Science, the Instruction stated: "the State Committee of Science is responsible for overall management, prompt, detection of the requirements of the movement, studying and making recommendations on necessary strategies, policies to the Government and the Central Committee of the Party for the management of the movement.

On 22 July 1963 the Prime Minister enacted Instruction on the study, supplement of awarding measures for innovations and discoveries, including remuneration where responsibilities of the authorities concerned were stipulated in detail. The Instruction stated: "the State Committee of Science is responsible for drawing up a plan and or organizing a system for verifying innovations and discoveries nationwide from the central level to localities". Implementing this Instruction, the State Committee of Science step by step organized and managed innovative and discovery activities nationwide (issuing a provisional Regulation on the organization of the Councils for verification of innovations at various levels, including provisions on the establishment of the Central Council for verification of innovations and making proposal for prize awarding for innovations of special value proposed by various ministries and localities; settlement of dispute and appeals relating to prizes and remuneration for innovations and deriving experiences, studying and making recommendations on the improvement of the methods for verification and prize awards for innovation.

In 1964, the Central Council for verification of innovations was established with the composition of representatives of the State Committee of Science, the Trade Union, Ministry of Labor, the Central Office for emulation under the Government Office, the State Committee on Planning and a number of famous scientists. Together with the establishment of the Central Council for verification of innovations, the Chairman of the State Committee of Science decided to establish the Standing Office under the Central Council for verification of innovations. The Standing Office became a specialized section in charge of innovative activities of under the State Committee of Science and this Standing Office was often referred to as Innovation Committee. The Innovation Committee in cooperation with various sections under the Central Emulation Committee, Ministry of Labour, the Trade Union implemented various measures for widespread development of the innovative movement among public such as guiding the establishment of councils for verification of innovations at various levels, training staff specialized in the management of innovative activities, studying and making proposals for amendment of prize awarding systems.

The most important result of the cooperation was the draft and submission for promulgation of the Regulations on prize awards for technical innovations, production rationalization and improvement of working manners" together with Decree No 20-CP of 08 February 1965. This important event marked a new height of the development of innovative activities in the country. This was for the first time the Government promulgated a legal document stipulating in detail the scheme of remuneration for innovations, where stated the concepts and levels of remuneration for each type of innovation, methods of calculating and payment of the remuneration, the right of the heads of ministries, organizations at different levels to inspect and determine the level of remuneration. The Decree also stipulated responsibilities of ministries, localities with respect to innovative activities. The State Committee of Science was assigned the task to "properly organize the registration, verification, dissemination and application of innovations nationwide", and became the competent agency for State management of activities of innovation and rationalization of production in the country.

 

Innovation and Discovery Division

1959: Establishment of the State Committee of Science, which included Division on technical innovations.

11 March 1959: Enactment of Instruction 105/TTg of the Prime Minister on the organization and management of the movement on technical innovations and inventive activities of the public

22 January 1963: Establishment of the Instruction 07-TTg on the study, supplement of awarding measures for innovations and discoveries, including remuneration

1964: Establishment of Standing Office under the Central Council for verification of innovations (the Office was located at the headquarters of the State Council of Science and was referred to as innovation Committee).

08 February 1956: Decree No 20/CP on awards for technical innovations, production rationalization and improvement of the working manners.

09 July 1966: Enactment of Circular 567/KHKT-PMSK of the State Committee of Science and Technology on the organization of registration, verification, application, dissemination and award for innovations.

1973: The Committee for innovation was renamed Division for Inventions and Discovery.

13 October 1975: Decree No 192/CP on the organization and functioning of the State Committee of Science and Technology under which the Division for Inventions and Discovery was a subordinate organization.

After the promulgation of Decree No 20-CP by the Government, the Innovation Committee drafted and submitted to the Chairman of the State Committee of Science and Technology for issuing Circular No 567/KHKT-PMSK of 09 July 1966 on the organization of registration, verification application, dissemination and awards for innovation as well as assisted ministries and provinces in drafting relevant circulars, instructions for the implementation of Decree No 20-CP.

The innovation Committee in cooperation with other related agencies at the central level provided guidance for the establishment of Innovation Verification Councils at various levels, trained and equipped them with professional knowledge, participated in the verification of innovation of high value of ministries and provinces.

In early 1970s, the widespread innovation movement required a specialized organization capable of assisting the leadership of the State Committee of Science and Technology in organizing and managing innovative activities nationwide. For this reason, in 1973, the Innovation Committee was renamed Innovation and Discovery Division. Despite the name "Innovation and Discovery Division", the activities of the Division were mainly focused on technical innovations, production rationalization, and improvement of the working manners in accordance to the provisions of Decree No 200-CP of the Government and Circular No 567/KHKT-PMSK of the State Committee of Science and Technology.

The Innovation and Discovery Division in close cooperation with relevant agencies of the Central Emulation Committee, Ministry of Labour, the Trade Union, Ministries and provinces implemented a number of measures for strengthening the management of innovative activities and promoting the innovative movement among the public, namely:

  • Developing human resource consisting of full-time and part-time staff in charge of management of innovative activities at science and technology management Organizations and Innovation verification councils at various levels;
  • Providing guidance and knowledge for the full-time specialized staff in charge of innovation activities;
  • Taking control over the implementation of Decree No 20-CP and other circulars, instructions of relevant agencies.

In 1973, the State Committee of Science and Technology instructed relevant agencies, provinces to carry out innovative activities review. A national conference on review of innovation activities was organized in Hai Phong city, which was one of the most prominent provinces in respect of the innovative movement. At this Conference, Mr Tran Dai Nghia - the Chairman of the State Committee of Science and Technology read an important report reviewing and evaluating the success and results of innovative activities as from the promulgation of Decree 20-CP, summarizing experiences of management of innovative activities, identifying the shortcomings to be overcome and proposing measures to be taken in the following time in order to promote the innovative movement in the whole country. The innovative activities review Conference in 1973 reaffirmed the role of the State Committee of Science and Technology in promoting innovative activities in the country and since then all the main policies, strategies and measures for promoting innovative activities were proposed by the State Committee of Science and Technology.

The Innovation and Discovery Division promptly drafted and recommended the State Committee of Science and Technology to submit to the Government "Draft Decree on the protection of innovations and inventions" for approval.